SALENTO: LAND OF UNIQUE EXPRESSION
An extraordinary world of vineyards and olive groves gave rise to our area. Each year, today as yesterday, this place full of nuances allows us the realization of our great products. From this was born Calabretto, the farm that most of all it has specialized in the art of innovation, searching within its own territory the most evocative plantations we are in the heart of the salento peninsula in Apulia. The name of this area is traced back to more etymological roots.
Among them is thought that it derives from the word “salt”, understood as land surrounded by the sea. The history tells that since time immemorial this land was cultivated with vineyards and olive groves and this specificity is evident in the emblem of the region of Apulia and in that one of Francavilla Fontana, our town. Here the climate is on the average mild and temperate, ideal for the cultivation of vines and olives. The soil is mainly of medium texture and silt-clay, perfect for the development of these plants.
THE VOCATIONALITY OF THE LAND
The mild weather, very sunny and characterized by low or sporadic rainfall, it is ideal for the growth of the plants. In particular the constant presence of the sun makes sure that there is a good lighting throughout the all foliage and creates a microclimate inside favorable to its development.
Moderate and constant humidity characterize our area, both for what concerns the ground and the surrounding enviroment: these humidity levels are typical of a “Sub-humid” between 5ml and 25ml and as well as being ideal for the development of the plant, they make the enviroment hostile to pests that damage plants and crops.
Average annual temperatures of 16-17 °C are optimal for the growth of the fruit, and the absence of late frosts and/or early (in spring or autumn) make that the plants follow their natural process of production without sudden jerks which would compromise the integrity of the fruit, and consequently the quality of the final product.
It is our pleisure to maintain the already existing balance of the surrounding agroecosystem, which has a high biodiversity and high level of fertility. We preserve these key features protecting the soil from natural agents, such as water and wind and through a careful management of organic matter (eg. cropresidues) to maintain fertility.
pH We get the best results of production also thanks to the typology of our lands, which are all medium texture, sandy, silty, clayey-silty or silt-clay, with a pH between 6.8 and 7.5. The plants at these pH levels find the best conditions for their production process and for their maintenance over time.
The great fertility of our soils is the presence of chemical elements that are food of plants, necessary for their development. In particular are found great amounts of Nitrogen and Potassium that are absorbed throughout the growing season, and phosphorus that is mostly absorbed in the first part of the growing season.